As the owner of a home with a deep water well, it is important for you to learn to perform some basic troubleshooting techniques for when your well stops producing water. By understanding how your well system works, you can often save yourself the time, money, and frustration of having to wait for a professional to come troubleshoot the problem for you.
Here are the steps you should follow if your well isn't producing its usual amount of water:
Step 1: Check the Main Power Breaker
If your well is not producing water, then the first place to check is the breaker connected to your well's submersible pump and its control unit. Make sure the breaker is in the "on" position. Sometimes a power spike can cause the breaker to turn off. This saves your pump from damage and simply flipping the breaker back on should restore the water flow to your home.
Step 2: Push the Reset Button on the Well Pump Control Unit
Your well's submersible pump has a control unit that is located in your garage or pump house. The control unit contains its own protection against power problems and may have turned itself off. Press the red "restart" button on the control unit and this will restart your well's submersible pump. It may take a few minutes for your pump to become reactivated, so wait at least five minutes before assuming this didn't work.
Step 3: Listen to Your Wellhead
If your pump has power, but you still do not have any water, then the next step in the troubleshooting process is to listen to your wellhead. To do this, first remove the bolts holding the wellhead's protective cover in place. Place your ear on the top of the wellhead and listen for the sound of running or trickling water. If you hear any water sounds, then your well pipe has a hole in it.
When water comes into contact with steel it can cause the steel to pit and erode. When this happens your well's submersible pump continually pumps water up the piping column and then the water simply leaks out the side of the pipe. This type of problem will cause your electrical bill to sharply rise. In addition, this situation is very bad for your well's submersible pump because it will constantly run.
To replace the damaged pipe, you will need to call out a well drilling professional who can winch out the pipe.
Additionally, if you do not hear any water, but still do not have water coming up the well, then you will need to have the well driller pull out the submersible pump and test it. Submersible pumps in deep water wells work hard and need to be replaced from time to time.
By following the steps above, you can successfully troubleshoot most problems with your deep water well. If you are unable to fix your water well's problem, then you should call a local well drilling professional like T. W. Stanley & Son Well Pump & Plumbing Repair for assistance.